Starý Plzenec

From Wikipedia: Starý Plzenec is a town in Plzeň-City District in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,400 inhabitants. Starý Plzenec is located about 5 kilometres southeast of Plzeň. It lies in the Švihov Highlands. The highest point is the Radyně Hill at 567 m above sea level. The Úslava River flows through the town.

The first written mention of the settlement is from a chronicle of Thietmar of Merseburg and dates to 976, when Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia defeated a Bavarian army below a local stronghold, then called Plzeň. The urban settlement below the castle evolved into an administrative and mercantile centre of western Bohemia, but this came to an end in 1295 when King Wenceslaus II founded the new city of Plzeň in a more suitable location at the nearby confluence of the Mže and Radbuza rivers. The new city soon took over the functions of old Plzeň and became known as Nová Plzeň (New Plzeň), later simply as Plzeň, while the older settlement on the Úslava river was called Stará Plzeň (Old Plzeň) and since then, in a more recent variant, Starý Plzenec.

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